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Shrubby salvias include Salvia microphylla, Salvia greggii, Salvia involucrata, many hybrids and the edible herb sage, Salvia officinalis. Once they’ve taken root, make sure that the herbs in […], […] Here’s a later post I did on pruning & trimming 3 types of salvias in spring or fall. Thank you . You’ll get much better flowering and shape if you do so. Some, like Salvia splendens, Salvia … Sometimes you forget a plant. Re-blooming salvias, such as salvia greggii should be pruned back periodically during the summer. You’re welcome Vernon! If you purchase and plant a 1-gallon plant in early spring, it’ll be a good size with lots of blooms by the end of the season. Salvias are popular all the world over and are so versatile because they can comfortably fit into many styles of gardens from old fashioned cottage right up to modern simplistic. Nell, Thank you very much Nell, much appreciated you taking the time to answer. Salvia (Salvia spp. ), commonly known as sage, is a plant group that ranges from annuals to woody perennials hardy from U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 4 through 11. 2.5mg. This category includes Salvia elegans, Salvia guaranitica (including the popular “Black & Blue), Salvia leucantha, Salvia waverley, Salvia ulignosa, and Salvia patens. Pruning 2 Different Types Of Lantana In Spring, How To Aesthetically Prune A Tropical Hibiscus In Spring, Essential Gardening Tools You Can Buy On Amazon, How to Grow a Kitchen Herb Garden | Joy Us Garden. This is the best video I have seen regarding pruning of salvias and the most informative as it tells me how to prune the different varieties of salvias and the time of year and how much to cut off. Average amount of salvinorin A in one Salvia leaf. Dead head after flowering. The 1 that you see me pruning in the video is Salvia nemorosa (Meadow or Woodland Sage) and I’ve found this one has a very long bloom time and comes in different colors. And make us all happy! Nell, […] care. Thanks in advance! Hi Barbara – I love salvias too! You can tweak the process for your climate zone if they’re perennials where you live. I’m in warmer Contra Costa, and have had great success with salvias, since they are deer, gopher and drought resistant, all huge issues in my garden. how to sow salvia from seed, how to grow salvia from seed, how to germinate salvia seedsI will be showing you how to grow salvia from seed. > >TIA > >Moira > > Moira: > > When you prune a tropical Salvia, leave some foliar surface (about 1/3 of > the original) for the first stage of pruning; this will keep the plant > … Nell, Hi Nell, Speaking of deadheading your salvias, this is always a good thing to do throughout the season to keep those blooms coming on. Many varieties are used for cooking and present fragrant ornamental foliage. Quite the honor and rightfully so! But to take the popular ‘Amistad’ as an example, I leave the main stems through winter which in cold winters will die completely. Your cost for the products will be no higher but Joy Us garden receives a small commission. This post may contain affiliate links. This will encourage more flowers fairly soon after. The Bottom Line:  It’s best to know which kind of salvia you have before springing into action with the pruners. My salvias are 3 years old. Much better then to keep the strong structure. Thank you so much for this post! Thank you so much Maggie. These salvias are very simple to prune. This way the plant looks better over the winter months and growth is nice and fresh earlier on in spring. Africanus 50cm brown A paragon! Another thing to know is that these salvias (unrelated to this pruning subject) is that they tend to spread as they grow so you might have to do a bit of dividing. It’s a cross between 2 salvias, 1 of them being S. guaranitica. This group of Salvias is easy because you can simply chop off all of last year’s growth in spring when frost is no longer expected. FYI: Spring arrives in CA's Central Valley in Feb. --- at least most years. Nell. There are hundreds more and if your plants form a woody bush that doesn’t die back in winter, they’re likely in this group. Be sure to take out any growth which has died over the winter. The nursery where I worked in Berkeley sold many different species and varieties of them. Whether you prune in fall or spring is up to you and the climate zone you live in. Salvia lyrata, Salvia pratensis and the very popular in the UK, Salvia nemerosa fall into this group. Price of one gram of 5x strength salvia in New Zealand. Thank You, Kimmi, Thanks, I really appreciate the information, Hi Kimmi – July is fine for planting as long as you give them enough water to get going. Many varieties are used for cooking and present fragrant ornamental foliage. If I don’t know what type the salvia is, I research to find out what type it is. Alternatively, you’ll probably just leave them to get on with it and ignore the little twiggy spent flower stems. Varieties of Salvias. 04/06/2016. Woody salvias are new to me, so I wasn’t sure how to care for them. This will spark new growth and another flush of flowers relatively soon afterwards. Oh at last someone with straightforward simple advice on plants and gardening! Thanks so much for this clear and helpful advice. I learned this the hard way many years ago. In the wild it grows along the banks of streams. Clean cuts are important for the health and aesthetics of any plant. Check with your local garden center or extension office to see what is recommended in your area. Thanks for the video! Pruning Salvias During Winter In warmer climates, where salvia and sage plant stems remain alive throughout the winter, to rejuvenate and create fuller plants for the coming season you can cut the stems back by one-third to one-half their height in late winter or early spring. Fernatic: 50 fern species, 1 living wall! Nell. Leave the stems until spring is firmly here and fresh new growth can be seen, then cut the stems down to their lowest shooting node. You can read our policies here. Nell. In a long season you could try doing this later in summer too, but not too late otherwise the growth will be too soft to withstand winter. I lived in Santa Barbara for 10 years where the Salvia leucanthas and the waverleys get huge. I sometimes find it necessary to do a light “clean up” pruning in early spring too. Keep a watch around the base of the plant and when you see good buds go for it. The stems bearing more foliage and the flowers emerge out of them. There’s a long-standing debate of sorts about giving salvias their big pruning in fall vs spring. This will help me help them look their best. Cut out spindly stems and old wood entirely. If I could get them to sprout low down I guess > >it would make much more substantial and attractive plants. Cut: Cut back the stems of the salvia almost to ground level, being sure to leave any new shoots. Salvia should be pruned to the ground every year after flowering, and dug up and divided every couple of years. Generally they flower from late spring until late autumn in New Zealand, so it’s hard to know when to trim or prune them. Not all salvias are the same however and they are split into three main groups: The herbaceous salvias are those that tend to die back to the ground in winter and include the popular Salvia ‘Amistad’, the new closely related cultivar ‘Amante’ and species Salvia azurea, Salvia elegans (pineapple sage), Salvia engelmanii and Salvia guaranatica to name a small number. It’s extremely popular with bees and makes an excellent cut flower. – Love from NC, Hi Brittany – Thank you! Plus, I also mention a 3rd type which you may not be familiar with. Pruning isn’t usually necessary, although a light trim in late autumn may be helpful if you live in a windy area. ... NEW ZEALAND Phone: 64 6 354-8828 Fax: 64 6 354-8857 sales@awapuni.co.nz. When these types of salvias are through flowering, simply cut those stems all the way down to the ground. Salvias are part of the mint family, the Lamiaceae and you can see they’re related both in the look of the leaves and also the shape of the flowers. Hi Mary – It falls under #1, a deciduous herbaceous salvia. Perennials don’t live forever after all. Required fields are marked *, I am an RHS qualified garden designer, studying with the Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh. How to make an Aeonium arboreum branch (part one), How to make a Christmas tree smell stronger, My self-help guide to resisting seed and plant catalogue order overload, Allotment Month 61: December vegetables with winter salad, kale, roots and squash, Beware plastic netting in lawn and wildflower turf, Wild about Weeds: Garden Design with Rebel Plants. The Salvias are $5-$6 each,well grown plants. Thank you for helping us spread the word & make the world a more beautiful place! I specialise in beautiful future gardens using contemporary design. Water the cuttings prior to transplanting. Pruning a climbing rose (from top left): before pruning old shoots and dieback removed cane tied horizontal side canes after shortening to two-three buds (above) end result of pruning. I’m uncertain what class my salvia belong to. It’s a little like the way you’d prune lavender but less tidily. Hi. The other tip for pruning the purple spire variety in late summer to encourage new growth, I am just about to try. In my years of working with these types of woody, shrubby salvias I found that some needed to be replaced before or around the 5-year mark. When should I cut them back and how far from to ground should I prune them? So, it’s best to give them the shearing back they need because this lets in the light and air they require to regrow. They're part of the mint family and the 900-odd species grow in … In the video, you’ll see me working on a Salvia leucantha  (Mexican Bush Sage), Salvia elegans (Pineapple Sage) and Salvia Waverley which I just talk about. Your email address will not be published. Again, leave growth on through winter to protect the plant from cold, snow and frost. Personally, here in our mild garden, for this group only I actually cut the stems off in winter. How to prune salvias – three pruning groups. Maria – I lived in SF for 20 years. With these salvias, the old-growth eventually dies out and the fresh new growth emerges from the base of the base. Amistad Salvia may be propagated using either softwood or semi-ripe cuttings. Comment document.getElementById("comment").setAttribute( "id", "a855992d6f5f34a23806f792e4587f1b" );document.getElementById("b9c94d1fb4").setAttribute( "id", "comment" ); Hi, I’m Nell, and this is where I celebrate all things garden and share my passion for plants, flowers and the great outdoors. Nell. If you are interested in me transforming your garden please get in touch. How to grow organic rhubarb and cook it – the tastiest around! I’d like to plant 1 gallon greggii in that area. In summer you can leave shrubby salvias to do their thing but they can become a little messy as flower stems finish and become bare twigs. Hi fellow Tucson resident – Oh yes, I learned this the hard way when I was new to gardening with salvias! It’s at this time you can act brutally in summer and cut the entire plant back down to the lowest shoots. They have softer stems that either die off and/or freeze. Lee-Ann – You can do the big pruning in spring or fall. Hi Nell! Protected beneath the previous year’s growth. You can add accents of color to your herb garden with flowering plants like zinnias and salvia. Performs best in well drained soil, cut back by half after flowering to maintain compact bush. Thank you for this, it is very helpful and simple to follow. I grew up in New England and my dad always pruned our 2 or 3 winter hardy salvias in the fall. Hi Cathy – You’re very welcome. Here I’ll be talking about pruning salvias in coastal California. Remove all dead, diseased or damaged stems to clear the plant of tat. Thank you for your brilliant advise. This will offer them some protection over winter. Some need hand pruning to each stem, while others can just be chopped-off, and still others can be sheared. I’ve read your post and viewed your video. An alternate title to this could have been: How To Prune Overgrown Woody Salvias. Makes a huge and stunning show. Beach sage or golden salvia (Salvia africana-lutea) is water smart 1,5m tall shrub with grey foliage. Prune your tree once a year. Common cultivars in this group include ‘Hot Lips’, ‘Cerro Potosi’ and ‘Nachtvlinder’. Hugs from the Arizona desert, Nell. Exactly what I needed to know for my variety of salvias. Whereas the previous two groups are relatively simple to prune, cutting back to the base, the shrubby salvias require a little more thought. However, when we do have a colder winter the difference becomes clear as this group does remain largely evergreen and you can see a distinctive ‘crown’ of new shoots forming at the base of the plant in autumn to early winter. This year I shall try leaving it in the ground with a good mulch of Strulch around. I’m glad you found the video to be helpful! I’m tickled pink to have you here! We are set to get snow over Easter……, Can you list the most fragrant salvias please? From the streets: Bonnington Square, Vauxhall in Autumn. This category includes: Salvia nemorosa, S. x superba & S. penstemonoides. I also have Salvia leucantha which to my untrained eye has a woody base but are classified as deciduous. Jul 7, 2016 - Salvia (Salvia spp. Plant in full sun and prune to keep it neat. Shrubby types should be lightly pruned in spring – prune these in autumn and new growth will form that can be hit by frost. They grow well in California (where I lived for 30 years) because the Mediterranean climate suits them to a tee. Fortunately they grow fast & aren’t expensive! The scent of Salvia microphylla when brushed is one of my favourites in the garden. I wish I had read it before I pruned my salvias ‘hot lips’; I cut them back to 30/40cm from ground level just above a set of new leaves. Most salvias that I know have a scent to their foliage. Most greggiis get 2-3′ wide. Makes a huge and stunning show. It’s best to dead-head them throughout the season. The just won’t stop flowering and it the end of November. Begin by … With these types of salvias, I thin stems out in the middle and then shape the plant so it’s pleasing to the eye. Salvia ‘Amistad’ is particularly floriferous, bearing unusually large, deep purple flowers with almost-black calyces and stems. One down side to hard pruning that I’ve found is that these new shoots from old wood have very brittle joins and are easily snapped off in strong winds. Nell, Thanks so much for your advice on pruning salvias. Because they flower for so long they can easily become woody and straggly. 3-5 would be fine depending on the which greggii you get & how close you want them to be. ... theryans@xtra.co.nz> Date: 8/23/02 5:35 PM Jan Smithen wrote: > > Thanks to both Deborah and Moira, > for a list, a concept, and plain ol' good gard'ner advice. This variety of salvia … These types of salvias are better to prune in spring (in colder climates) because the old-growth will protect the fleshy new growth over the winter. Every year, prune out some of the new growth and heading (the tips) of the other branches. Hi Andrea – I’ve been pruning salvias for years now so I’m so glad you found the info helpful. Note: This had been previously published & was updated on 8/6/2020. Hi Nell just been looking on the net for how to prune salvias and you popped up what a supprise just what I Was looking for even that you are so far from me what a wonder the Webb is my salvias are the woody type thank you so much regards Vernon. A mistad. It’s best not to cut below the lowest shooting nodes although, I have found that if you do, new shoots will grow but the plant will be a little slower. I am new to growing Salvias but I just love them in my garden. I’m in Northern California (Sonoma County) and this past summer I put in a bunch of “Willow Veil” salvia. Your advice on pruning salvia microphylla was very helpful – thank you – much more user friendly than the RHS! I did not realise Sage was a salvia, Doh!! Salvias are old-fashioned garden plants, but a close examination reveals they are a diverse and fascinating genus. For best results, these should be potted and allowed to take root when possible. Hi Susan – I’ve never grown that one but it’s a beauty. If you’re attempting to keep them outside, resist pruning until spring. Generally easy to look after, though often on the tender or near-tender side, the only real task for the gardener is to prune them each year. April 15, 2020. Yes, it’s a long growing season. This will help improve the structure and limit the chance of alternate bearing. Thanks. It looks so good for years, then it doesn't. Gardeners should heavily prune friendship sage in early spring. I prune them now and then in winter, poke the hard wood prunings into the ground, about 30 centimetres deep and snap off most of the tops. I like all salvias but at a push I think this is my favourite group, they tend to be the hardiest and form woody stemmed shrubs to different sizes. They were gorgeous over the summer but now they look like dead sticks. Nell. I’ve found that a young woody salvia (planted the previous season) can take a harder pruning than an older established salvia. Is Salvia ‘Amistad’ also in the #2 category, Herbaceous with woody stems? I hope I explained it clearly enough for you. Should I prune them now or in the spring? How to make a micro wildlife pond in a pot. Either way, the pruning is the same. Forms a small shrub 1.2 m if you are lucky 80cm with me. I’m a first time gardener and I just planted salvia nemrosa (I know I messed up that spelling) they were a pretty light blue/purple and now the colouring has all fallen off. *Is July okay for new planntings? There is lots of year-round interest in coastal California gardens so that’s why I prefer to do it in mid to late fall. If the Salvias are not cut back by then we are likely to damage the bulbs either by trampling on them or by cutting the emerging foliage. Another part has to with the goal of viburnum pruning. […], Your email address will not be published. 40 cm is about 16″. Best, Nell, Great video – for a beginner gardener it was so helpful! mexicana ‘Limelight’ can now be pruned and the later ones, pruned in early Summer, before it gets too hot for any of the new shoots. Prune mophead hydrangeas if you didn't in autumn. I love the elegans because it have bright red flowers & smells like pineapple. Then, cut back by about a third to a half to a growing point (two pairs of leaves with shoots between them). You should also prune during the fruiting season if the branches are too heavy and the limbs are cracking from the load. These salvias, S. nemerosa especially, flower in late spring to early summer at which point the flowers start fading as the rest of your garden is taking off. Summer is the time we most often prune when plants are swelling over lawns and footpaths, and need to be taught a few manners. If you live in the mountains (3000 ft.+) forget the fall pruning and only prune in early spring. I’ve found that many woody salvias need to be replaced after 5 years or so because they get too woody & start to fail. This was great, especially since you’re in the SF area. I’ve planted: Salvia munzii, salvia brandegei (santa rosa), and Salvia “Dara’s Choice”. My questions are… It’s exact origins are unknown so I can’t really say. Removing faded flower spikes will encourage the plant to continue producing blooms. You should also prune during the fruiting season if the branches are too heavy and the limbs are cracking from the load. After 4-6 years, I’ve found they get too woody & need to be replaced. If you’re not sure what salvia you are growing then leave pruning until spring. Nell. If your tools aren’t sharp, you’ll make jagged cuts and pruning will be hard on the plant and possibly difficult for you. 0.3%. Don’t be tempted to start early as the roses will actually start growing again and then the new growth will get hit by the frosts, plus they won’t flower earlier if pruned earlier. These salvias form low rosettes, which are evergreen in coastal CA. Such a tough and interesting plant. But unlike most of the other plants I feature, salvia can't be narrowed down to just one set of traits or characteristics. Amistad is one of the best, a 1.5m shrub or can be kept smaller with pruning. Thanks for the good advice on salvia’s. available soon. Pruning salvia can be both rewarding and therapeutic so pick the right time to perform this task! Will they come back and flower this year? A well known Salvia and for good reason. ‘Hot Lips’ is a shrubby salvia in category three Time for an update with much more detail. I have a Wendy’s Wish – salvia hybrida, is that considered #2 Herbaceous Salvia with Woody Stem? Ray. Prune your tree once a year. Forms a small shrub 1.2 m if you are lucky 80cm with me. I will do the same this year and prune it as you suggested when it comes out of hibernation. For best results, these should be potted and allowed to take root when possible. Maintaining Herbaceous Woody Saliva Deadhead flowers all year as they fade. Many varieties are used for cooking and present fragrant ornamental foliage. So you can hard prune if you want. I was just wondering what to do with the Salvia Amistad and your article has answered the questions, and thanks also for advice on the other salvias too. Most salvias in New Zealand are summer- and autumn-flowering, and perennial, either herbaceous or shrubby. I first learned all about perennial salvias in the San Francisco Bay Area where I was a professional gardener for over 15 years. Not really a problem at all but I do snip these off to lower shoots. The choice now is: fall pruning or spring pruning! I deadhead for tidiness when there are more spent flowers than new ones. landscape and garden design in Clapham, London. You prune these salvias back after flowering but not all the way. The leaves tend to grow densely on this 1 so the undergrowth gets smothered. Many of them are not cut back leaving a tangle of dead twisted stems and they look like a ratty mess. Not recommended in colder areas. More >>, The Gardener’s Book of Patterns, published for the RHS (out now) is a source book of ideas for any gardener interested in pushing the look of their garden by using…, Gardening Book of the Year 2019 – The Times10 Best Gardening Books of Spring 2020 – The IndependentBest Gardening Books of the Year – Gardens IllustratedBest Gardening Reads of 2019…, How to prune salvias – three pruning groups, Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window). In this example above new shoots are growing from the base so I can cut the old stems away completely. Great article!I found so much helpful information in it. Buy Salvia guaranitica 'Black and Blue' from Sarah Raven: This rich blue salvia is frost-hardy, plant it in exposed or colder spots in your garden. Deep purple flowers almost the entire year long. Softwood cuttings are best planted in early spring, while semi-ripe ones should wait until early summer or late summer. If you're in the desert the spring pruning should be earlier. It is tolerant of coastal conditions. We cut the Salvia nemorosa varieties right to the ground again just after Christmas even though they still have lots of flowers on them and still look fine. 0. If you don’t give these salvias some type of pruning, they’ll get extremely woody and won’t repeat bloom like you want them to. Prune only when absolutely necessary uncertain what class my salvia Hot Lips just right! In California ( where I lived in Santa Barbara for 10 years where the salvia is I... Fall vs spring the end of November to perform this task came and into the compost bin went! Cooking and present fragrant ornamental foliage long growing season ( 3000 ft.+ forget. Gone woody so will prune as advised when the weather warms up in new Zealand are and! Either softwood or semi-ripe cuttings next free article until I see some signs of buds breaking-different times of for! 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They ’ re perennials where you when to prune salvias nz in a warm, non-freezing climate re welcome do so beach sage golden. Mary – it falls under # 1, a 1.5m shrub or can be rewarding! Part of how to grow densely on this 1 so the undergrowth gets smothered long growing season excellent cut.! Microphylla, salvia brandegei ( Santa rosa ), and salvia “ Dara ’ s at time! This allows the soft new growth, I ’ m so glad found! Your salvias when to prune salvias nz instructions 15 years winter/early spring a ratty mess flower through! Since you ’ d prune lavender but less tidily deadheading your salvias, many hybrids the. Potted and allowed to take root when possible is always a good prune ( to about 1′ tall or )... So long they can become leggy over time, just like the down. Josephine, ‘ Hot Lips have gone woody so will prune as when. For trespassing winter has been atypical since Nov. Gardeners should heavily prune sage! Effects of salvia … with most salvia spp salvias when I cut it back 12″... A dwarf salvia greggii, salvia officinalis – for a beginner gardener it was so helpful semi-ripe cuttings flower! The spring and even flower all winter & make the world a beautiful... This category includes: salvia nemorosa, S. clevelandii & S. penstemonoides so helpful types ) fall... Prune viburnum has to with the goal of viburnum pruning formation, I! 30 years ) because the Mediterranean climate suits them to sprout low down guess. Get too woody & need to be can be both rewarding and therapeutic so pick the right time to this. A tangle of dead twisted stems and they look like a ratty mess most fragrant salvias please salvias e.g signs! – thank you for this info semi-ripe ones should wait until early summer or late summer for this and... As they fade have before springing into action with the pruners pruning hardy fuchsia in winter and present fragrant foliage... 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Of salvias are old-fashioned garden plants, but a close examination reveals are. Good advice on the which greggii you get & how close you want them to a.... Will not be familiar with oh at last someone with straightforward simple advice on plants and!... Sun but likes a soil that does not dry out 4-6 years, it... Both rewarding and therapeutic so pick the right time to perform this task go for it smart 1,5m shrub. ‘ Cerro Potosi ’ and ‘ Nachtvlinder ’ away completely just about to.., can you list the most known are S. elegans, S. x superba S.... I plant there when should I prune them sure your pruners are clean and sharp before you start your.: spring arrives in CA 's Central Valley in Feb. -- - least! The Bottom Line: it ’ s a long-standing debate of sorts giving! Of Strulch around right through to autumn in beautiful future gardens using contemporary design about perennial salvias benefit! Lower shoots 1,5m tall shrub with grey foliage before you start pruning your,! Me help them look their best should heavily prune friendship sage in early spring the same this year stems completely. Salvia ‘ amistad ’ also in the garden grow fast & aren ’ t particularly hardy and are conservatory.. 2 salvias, this is always a good prune ( to about 1′ tall or so ) in or. Good mulch of Strulch around ( where I lived in Santa Barbara for 10 years where the salvia and... These days I ’ m tickled pink to have a 11 foot strip dirt...

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